What was shock therapy and its consequences?
Consequences of the Shock Therapy This came to be known as “the largest garage sale in history”. The value of the Russian currency, ruble declined considerably. People lost all their savings because of high rate of inflation. The collective farms disintegrated leaving people without any food security.
What did the shock therapy involve?
Shock therapy is an economic theory that says that sudden, dramatic changes in national economic policy can turn a state-controlled economy into a free-market economy. Economic policies in favor of shock therapy include ending price controls and government subsidies.
What is meant by shock therapy explain any four consequences of shock therapy?
The consequences are: (i) Collective farms were replaced by private farming and capitalism in agriculture. The process of transition from an authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system, that was influenced by the World Bank and the IMF came to be known as ‘ Shock Therapy ‘.
What was the shock therapy after the end of the communist rule in Russia?
Answer. Explanation: DEFINITION of ‘ Shock Therapy ‘ A sudden and dramatic change in national economic policy that turns a state-controlled economy into a free-market one. Characteristics of shock therapy include the ending of price controls, the privatization of publicly-owned entities and trade liberalization.
What was the shock therapy?
In economics, shock therapy is the sudden release of price and currency controls (economic liberalization), withdrawal of state subsidies, and immediate trade liberalization within a country, usually also including large-scale privatization of previously public-owned assets.
What was shock therapy was this the best way?
The model of transition in Russia, central Asia and East Europe came to be known as shock therapy . However, shock therapy wasn’t the best way to transition from communism to capitalism because: It was a sudden and immediate change that uprooted the entire existing system and wrecked havoc over the economy of the state.
Who created shock therapy?
Metrazol-induced convulsions, to treat schizophrenia and affective psychoses, discovered in Budapest by Ladislaus von Meduna , in 1934, and. Electroconvulsive shock therapy, discovered by Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in Rome, in 1937.
What was called the largest garage sale in history?
3. What was the largest garage sale in history ? Answer: Largest garage sale in history was resulted due to shock therapy to undervalue the valuable industries of the USSR to sell them at throwaway prices. 4.
How was the Soviet system full of loopholes?
Inspite of all perfection, the Soviet system was full of loopholes . The system was bureaucratic and over-centralised making life difficult for people. Nearly all the Soviet institutions needed reforms but the strict one party control by the communist party made all the institutions unaccountable to the people.
What was Boris Yeltsin’s shock therapy?
Yeltsin transformed Russia’s state socialist economy into a capitalist market economy by implementing economic shock therapy, market exchange rate of the ruble, nationwide privatization, and lifting of price controls. Economic collapse and inflation ensued.
What do you mean by shock therapy explain any two consequences?
The therapy was a sudden change that transformed the state -controlled economy into a free market economy. The consequences of the Shock therapy were: 1. In Russia, the state -controlled industrial sector lost 90% of its industries. The value of Russian currency declined and hence the economy of Russia too declined.
What are the consequences of disintegration of Soviet Union?
Consequences of the disintegration of the USSR End of cold war: End of arms race, end of ideological confrontations. Change in power equations: Unipolar world, capitalist ideology, IMF, World Bank etc. Emergence of new countries and new alliances – Eg: Baltic countries aligned with NATO.
What is the new name of former USSR?
Languages: Russian was the official language and the language of instruction of the former USSR. Founding Date: Following several years of civil unrest, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed in 1922. In December 1991, the USSR splintered into Russia and 14 other independent nations.