What is seed radiation?
Permanent prostate brachytherapy involves placing many radioactive seeds within the prostate to treat prostate cancer. During the procedure, an ultrasound probe is placed in the rectum to help guide the placement of seeds. The seeds emit radiation that dissipates over a few months.
What are the long term side effects of brachytherapy?
Long term side effects of internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) Bladder inflammation . You might feel that you have to pass urine more often than usual. Problems passing urine. Leakage of urine. Erection problems ( impotence ) Frequent or loose poo. Inflammation of the back passage (proctitis) Cancer of the bladder or lower bowel.
How long do seed implants last?
About 100 seeds are commonly implanted . The implants remain in place permanently, and become biologically inert (inactive) after about 10 months. This technique allows a high dose of radiation to be delivered to the prostate with limited damage to surrounding tissues.
What are radioactive seeds made of?
Prostate seed implantation, brachytherapy , is based upon the use of tiny radioactive seeds , each smaller than a grain of rice. The seeds are made of titanium and contain a small amount of either palladium or iodine.
Does radiation shrink prostate?
Radiation therapy can be an effective treatment for prostate cancer. It can shrink a tumor, relieve symptoms, and delay or halt the growth of cancer cells.
How many times can you have brachytherapy?
You may have treatment twice a day for 2 to 5 days or once a week for 2 to 5 weeks. The schedule depends on your type of cancer. During the course of treatment, your catheter or applicator may stay in place, or it may be put in place before each treatment.
What are the disadvantages of brachytherapy?
Side effects of of brachytherapy Erection problems. Brachytherapy for prostate cancer can cause problems getting and keeping an erection. Infertility. Having brachytherapy on its own can still cause infertility, but the risk may be lower than with external beam radiotherapy. Bowel problems. Effects on the bladder.
Does brachytherapy lower your immune system?
Will radiation treatment harm my immune system ? Radiation therapy can potentially affect your immune system , especially if a significant amount of bone marrow is being irradiated because of its role in creating white blood cells.
How long does brachytherapy last?
During high-dose-rate brachytherapy , radioactive material is placed in your body for a short period — from a few minutes up to 20 minutes. You may undergo one or two sessions a day over a number of days or weeks.
Is brachytherapy better than surgery?
The primary differences are in the toxicity profiles of the treatments. In particular, surgery is associated with more incontinence and sexual dysfunction than brachytherapy , while brachytherapy carries a greater risk of urinary irritation and obstruction and rectal problems.
Does radiation treatment affect family members?
Any radiation therapy that is transient, including external beam radiation or brachytherapy that is removed, poses no risk to family members . For these types of therapy , patients are exposed to radiation only during active treatment , and radiation is not carried on the patient’s body.
Are brachytherapy seeds removed?
Permanent brachytherapy : Permanent brachytherapy inserts needles pre-filled with radioactive seeds into the tumor. The doctor will remove the needle and leave the seeds behind.
Is it safe to be around someone who has had radiation?
With internal radiation , you may need to avoid touching the patient until the implant is removed or limit the time you spend very close to them. With systemic radiation therapy, you may also have to avoid the person’s bodily fluids for a few days after treatment.
How will I feel after brachytherapy?
Fatigue or Tiredness You may feel more tired than usual during these first few months after your seed implant. You may feel tired all the time or you may get tired more easily when you do daily activities. This is a common side effect of brachytherapy treatment.
Are gold seeds radioactive?
These seeds are NOT radioactive . Leaving the marker seeds in the prostate gland will not hurt or harm your body in any way. This is an example of what the gold marker seeds look like (image has been enlarged). There is also an example of an X-ray image how the fiducial seeds appear within the prostate.