What is RAI therapy?
Radioactive iodine ( RAI ) is treatment for overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) and certain types of thyroid cancer. The term “radioactive” may sound frightening, but it is a safe, generally well-tolerated, and reliable treatment that targets thyroid cells so there is little exposure to the rest of your body’s cells.
What are the side effects of radioactive iodine therapy?
Some side effects from radioactive iodine treatment include: Metallic taste in your mouth. Dry mouth . Sore throat. Neck pain. Nausea or vomiting, which is usually mild. Constipation or diarrhea. Fatigue. Unusually low (hypothyroidism) or unusually high (hyperthyroidism) thyroid levels.
How does radioactive iodine therapy work?
Radioactive iodine is an effective type of treatment for cancer of the thyroid gland. This is because the radioactive iodine from the drink or capsule is absorbed into your body and picked up by the thyroid cancer cells, even if they have spread to other parts of the body. The radiation then destroys the cancer cells.
How long are you isolation after Rai?
Depending on state regulations, patients may have to stay isolated in the hospital for about 24 hours to avoid exposing other people to radiation, especially if there are young children living in the same home.
Does Rai compromise immune system?
Abstract. Treatment of Graves’ disease patients with radioactive iodide ( RAI ) can induce two therapeutically important alterations in immune response to thyroid antigens. These may be characterized as a first response and a second phase response .
Can I touch things after radioactive iodine?
Your body will slowly eliminate the radioactive iodine through body fluids such as your saliva, sweat and urine. As this happens, things you touch or people that come near you will be exposed to radioactive iodine , which is unsafe.
Do you lose hair with radioactive iodine?
Radioactive iodine does not produce hair loss . Nevertheless, hair loss can be associated with changing levels of thyroid hormone, and may be experienced by some patients with hypo or hyperthyroidism.
How does the body get rid of excess iodine?
People with excess iodine are advised to use salt that is not fortified with iodine and to reduce their consumption of foods that contain iodine , such as seafood, seaweed, yogurt, and milk.
How effective is radioactive iodine treatment?
One dose is usually enough to kill the remaining thyroid fragments and cancer cells. Radioactive iodine therapy can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months to fully eliminate all papillary thyroid cancer cells.
Can I go to work after radioactive iodine treatment?
In other cases, patients who work closely with others or with children, or those who are not tolerating the hypothyroidism well may decide to start work days or several weeks after treatment . 3. When can I resume my normal diet? You can resume a normal diet 2 days after your RAI treatment .
Does iodine help thyroid?
Iodine is an element that is needed for the production of thyroid hormone. The body does not make iodine , so it is an essential part of your diet. Iodine is found in various foods (see Table 1). If you do not have enough iodine in your body, you cannot make enough thyroid hormone.
How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?
To decrease the spread of radioactivity : If possible, use a separate bathroom. Flush the toilet two times after each use. Men should sit down when urinating. If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.
How long does RAI take to work?
The effect of this treatment on the thyroid gland usually takes between one and three months to develop, with maximum benefit occurring three to six months after treatment. Usually, a single dose is successful in treating hyperthyroidism.
How long does iodine 131 stay in the body?
How Long Does the Radioiodine Stay in the Body ? The radioiodine from your treatment will remain in your body only temporarily. Most of the radioiodine not collected by your thyroid gland will be eliminated during the first two days after your treatment.
What should I eat after RAI treatment?
Iodized salt and seal salt and any foods containing iodized salt or seal salt. Non-iodized salt may be used.