Radioiodine therapy

What is radioiodine therapy?

Radioiodine therapy is a nuclear medicine treatment for an overactive thyroid, a condition called hyperthyroidism, and also may be used to treat thyroid cancer.

What are the side effects of radioactive iodine therapy?

Some side effects from radioactive iodine treatment include: Metallic taste in your mouth. Dry mouth . Sore throat. Neck pain. Nausea or vomiting, which is usually mild. Constipation or diarrhea. Fatigue. Unusually low (hypothyroidism) or unusually high (hyperthyroidism) thyroid levels.

How long does it take for radioiodine to leave the body?

How long does radioiodine stay in my body? The radioiodine from your treatment will temporarily remain in your body. Most of the radioiodine not taken up by your thyroid gland will be eliminated within the first (2) two days after treatment. Radioiodine leaves your body primarily by your urine.

Is radioactive iodine treatment dangerous?

Findings from a study of patients who received radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment for hyperthyroidism show an association between the dose of treatment and long-term risk of death from solid cancers , including breast cancer .

Do you lose hair with radioactive iodine?

Radioactive iodine does not produce hair loss . Nevertheless, hair loss can be associated with changing levels of thyroid hormone, and may be experienced by some patients with hypo or hyperthyroidism.

Can I touch things after radioactive iodine?

Your body will slowly eliminate the radioactive iodine through body fluids such as your saliva, sweat and urine. As this happens, things you touch or people that come near you will be exposed to radioactive iodine , which is unsafe.

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How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?

To decrease the spread of radioactivity : If possible, use a separate bathroom. Flush the toilet two times after each use. Men should sit down when urinating. If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.

Why do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

Your body will give off radiation for some time after you get RAI therapy. Depending on the dose of radioiodine used and where you are being treated, you might need to be in the hospital for a few days after treatment, staying in a special isolation room to prevent others from being exposed to radiation .

Can your thyroid grow back after radioactive iodine?

If you have thyroid cancer and you are treated with radioactive iodine , it may take from several weeks to many months for your body to get rid of any remaining cancer cells. Your thyroid nodule is unlikely to grow after being treated with radioactive iodine .

What can you not do after radioactive iodine treatment?

You will be advised to sleep alone for the first few days after your treatment . During this period, you should avoid kissing or sexual intercourse. Also avoid prolonged physical contact with others, particularly children and pregnant women. If you have a baby, be sure to get instructions from your doctor.

Can I go to work after radioactive iodine treatment?

In other cases, patients who work closely with others or with children, or those who are not tolerating the hypothyroidism well may decide to start work days or several weeks after treatment . 3. When can I resume my normal diet? You can resume a normal diet 2 days after your RAI treatment .

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Is it safe to be around someone who has had radiation treatment?

With internal radiation , you may need to avoid touching the patient until the implant is removed or limit the time you spend very close to them. With systemic radiation therapy , you may also have to avoid the person’s bodily fluids for a few days after treatment .

Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

Weight change was analyzed in only 228 patients and 84% gained weight by 1 year after radioactive iodine therapy .

How long should my husband sleep alone after radioiodine treatment?

Sleep alone for the first few (3 – 4) days. Avoid kissing or sexual intercourse for three to four days after treatment . Do not sleep together for an entire night until a week after treatment . Avoid prolonged physical contact, particularly with children and pregnant women; limit to 15 minutes.

Which is better radioactive iodine or surgery?

Due to many benefits, radioiodine is preferred in most of the adult patients with Graves’ hyperthyroidism while only small proportion of patients is sent to surgery . Radioiodine is especially the treatment of choice in elderly patients and patients with heart disease.

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