What are the four routes of parenteral administration?
Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular , subcutaneous , intravenous , and intradermal injection .
What are examples of parenteral administration?
There are five commonly used routes of parenteral ( route other than digestive tract) administration : subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM).
Why is the parenteral route used?
It is an indirect route to intravenous access because the bone marrow drains directly into the venous system. This route is occasionally used for drugs and fluids in emergency medicine and pediatrics when intravenous access is difficult and the need is immediate.
What is the difference between parenteral and intravenous?
As adjectives the difference between intravenous and parenteral . is that intravenous is inside the veins while parenteral is (medicine) administered by some means other than oral intake, particularly intravenously or by injection.
Is inhalation considered parenteral?
Intravenous, intramuscular, topical, otic, conjunctival, nasal, inhalation , and subcutaneous are parenteral routes of administration.
What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?
Enteral administration is food or drug administration via the human gastrointestinal tract. Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal. Parenteral administration is via a peripheral or central vein.
What is parenteral drug delivery?
Parenteral delivery is defined by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as drug administration by injection, infusion, and implantation or by some other route other than the alimentary canal.
What is parenteral preparation?
Parenteral preparations are sterile preparations containing one or more active ingredients intended for administration by injection, infusion or implantation into the body. Water for injections is used as the vehicle for aqueous injections.
What is parenteral contact?
Parenteral is defined as something that is put inside the body, but not by swallowing. An example of something parenteral is an injection given into the muscle on the leg, or a subcutaneous injection.
What are 3 ways to give injections?
The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection , subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection . Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.
Is inhalation faster than intravenous?
The drug effect is experienced in less than one minute. Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.
Do injections bypass the liver?
Thus, only about 50% of a rectal dose can be assumed to bypass the liver . To parenteral routes we consider injections , inhalations, and transdermal route. The first one includes injection under the skin, intro the muscles (i.m.), in veins (i.v.) and arteries.
What does parenteral use mean?
Parenteral drug administration means any non-oral means of administration, but is generally interpreted as relating to injecting directly into the body, bypassing the skin and mucous membranes.
What are the 8 routes of drug administration?
Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. Injection routes . Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: Sublingual and buccal routes. Rectal route . Vaginal route. Ocular route. Otic route. Nasal route.
What does parenteral mean?
Definition of ‘ parenteral ‘ 1. inside the body but outside the intestine. 2. brought into the body through some way other than the digestive tract, as by subcutaneous or intravenous injection.