Electric shock therapy for depression

Does electrotherapy work for depression?

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can provide rapid, significant improvements in severe symptoms of several mental health conditions. ECT is used to treat: Severe depression , particularly when accompanied by detachment from reality (psychosis), a desire to commit suicide or refusal to eat.

What are the side effects of electric shock therapy?

Side-effects loss of memory about the events immediately before and after ECT. heart rhythm disturbances. low blood pressure. headaches. nausea. sore muscles, aching jaw. confusion .

What does ECT do to your brain?

It may promote changes in how brain cells communicate with each other at synapses and it may stimulate the development of new brain cells. ECT may flood the brain with neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine, which are known to be involved in conditions like depression and schizophrenia.

What is the success rate of ECT?

What is the Success Rate of Electroconvulsive Therapy? ECT is an effective medical treatment option, helping as many as 80- 85 percent of patients who receive it. Most patients remain well for many months afterwards.

Can ECT make you worse?

Any helpful effects are likely to be short-term. ECT can ‘t prevent future depression, or fix any ongoing stresses or problems that are contributing to how you ‘re feeling. Some people have very bad experiences of ECT , for example because they feel worse after treatment or are given it without consent.

Can ECT change your personality?

ECT does not change a person’s personality , nor is it designed to treat those with just primary “ personality disorders.” ECT can cause transient short-term memory — or new learning — impairment during a course of ECT , which fully reverses usually within one to four weeks after an acute course is stopped.

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Does ECT work for anxiety?

ECT is not used to treat anxiety and therefore does not have a role in people who have solely an anxiety disorder. ECT may have a role in people who have comorbid depression and anxiety .

Does ECT kill brain cells?

When ECT is properly administered, brain damage does not occur. In fact, research has shown that ECT increases brain -derived neurotrophic factor, which stimulates brain cell growth.

Who is a good candidate for ECT?

People who have had ECT before and responded well are good candidates for ECT . Other first-line indications for the procedure include people who are catatonic or suffering from a form of depression known as psychotic depression (depression associated with delusions and hallucinations).

Does ECT reset the brain?

ECT has been referred to as a “ reset button for the brain ,” which not only directly improves depressive symptoms, but also allows current medications to work more effectively.

What happens when ECT doesn’t work?

If electroconvulsive therapy doesn’t work , the next step could be deep brain stimulation (DBS) — a depression treatment that is currently considered experimental.

What are the long term side effects of ECT?

But some people experience more long-lasting or permanent memory loss , including losing personal memories or forgetting information they need to continue in their career or make sense of their personal relationships. Some people also find they have difficulty remembering new information from after they’ve had ECT.

Does ECT wear off?

Once the procedure is complete, the effects of the short-acting anesthetic and muscle relaxant will quickly begin to wear off . You will be taken to a recovery area where you will be monitored for any complications.

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Can you drive during ECT treatment?

Patients are not allowed to drive during the entire ECT course and for 2 weeks after the last treatment in an acute series of ECT . An acute series is usually 3 treatments a week for 6 to 12 treatments . Patients who receive maintenance ECT can drive except on the day of ECT .

Can ECT erase your memory?

Figure 1: People with PTSD are usually troubled by their memories of the traumatic events and suffer from the extreme negative emotions associated with these memories (as shown in the top panel); However, Electroconvulsive Therapy ( ECT ) has the potential to erase specific traumatic memories , and therefore help people

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