What mental illness does ECT treat?
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used in patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder that has not responded to other treatments. ECT involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia.
Is ect the same as shock therapy?
ECT : ECT is an acronym for electroconvulsive therapy (sometimes referred to as electroshock therapy or just shock therapy ). ECT therapy involves directing an electric current into the patient’s brain through electrodes attached to the scalp to intentionally cause a series of “generalized seizures”.
What is the success rate of ECT?
What is the Success Rate of Electroconvulsive Therapy? ECT is an effective medical treatment option, helping as many as 80- 85 percent of patients who receive it. Most patients remain well for many months afterwards.
What are the side effects of electric shock therapy?
Side-effects loss of memory about the events immediately before and after ECT. heart rhythm disturbances. low blood pressure. headaches. nausea. sore muscles, aching jaw. confusion .
Who is a good candidate for ECT?
People who have had ECT before and responded well are good candidates for ECT . Other first-line indications for the procedure include people who are catatonic or suffering from a form of depression known as psychotic depression (depression associated with delusions and hallucinations).
Can ECT change your personality?
ECT does not change a person’s personality , nor is it designed to treat those with just primary “ personality disorders.” ECT can cause transient short-term memory — or new learning — impairment during a course of ECT , which fully reverses usually within one to four weeks after an acute course is stopped.
Can ECT make you worse?
Any helpful effects are likely to be short-term. ECT can ‘t prevent future depression, or fix any ongoing stresses or problems that are contributing to how you ‘re feeling. Some people have very bad experiences of ECT , for example because they feel worse after treatment or are given it without consent.
Does ECT work for anxiety?
ECT is not used to treat anxiety and therefore does not have a role in people who have solely an anxiety disorder. ECT may have a role in people who have comorbid depression and anxiety .
Does ECT cause weight gain?
During ECT , all patients increased their caloric intake (280 +/- 180 to 1,510 +/- 60 kcal/day, mean +/- SEM) to exceed their basal energy expenditure; major improvements in their depressive symptoms and weight gain were seen in five of the six patients.
Does ECT wear off?
Once the procedure is complete, the effects of the short-acting anesthetic and muscle relaxant will quickly begin to wear off . You will be taken to a recovery area where you will be monitored for any complications.
How long is an ECT session?
How long is an ECT procedure? A single ECT session usually lasts one hour. This includes the time the patient will be in the treatment room (approximately 15-20 minutes) and the time spent in the recovery room (approximately 20-30 minutes).
How many ECT treatments are needed?
People undergoing ECT need multiple treatments. The number needed to successfully treat severe depression can range from 4 to 20, but most people need a total of 6 to 12 treatments . The treatments are usually given three times a week — Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Does ECT kill brain cells?
When ECT is properly administered, brain damage does not occur. In fact, research has shown that ECT increases brain -derived neurotrophic factor, which stimulates brain cell growth.
Why is ECT a last resort?
Dr Davey says ECT is seen as a treatment option of last resort , to be used when nothing else has worked, or when there isn’t time to find the right medication for a patient, a process that can take months. “It’s usually people who’ve tried multiple treatments.
How much does ECT therapy cost?
ECT treatments cost $300 to $1,000 per treatment, with an initial course requiring five to 15 treatments followed by 10 to 20 maintenance treatments per year, the researchers noted. That means the annual cost can be more than $10,000, compared with a cost of several hundred dollars for many antidepressant medications.