How do you treat dysarthria?
Treatment for Dysarthria Slowing down your speech. Using more breath to speak louder. Making your mouth muscles stronger. Moving your lips and tongue more. Saying sounds clearly in words and sentences. Using other ways to communicate, like gestures, writing, or using computers.
How do you improve dysarthria?
Try these tips: Practice saying sounds and words with your loved one. Remind the person to speak slowly. Ask your loved one to repeat words you can’t understand. Try not to speak for the person unless it is necessary. Encourage efforts that the person makes to improve speech. Try reducing background noise.
What are the different types of dysarthria?
We outline the different types of dysarthria below. Spastic dysarthria . People with spastic dysarthria may have speech problems alongside generalized muscle weakness and abnormal reflexes. Flaccid dysarthria . Ataxic dysarthria . Hypokinetic dysarthria . Hyperkinetic dysarthria .
What part of the brain is damaged in dysarthria?
Dysarthria may be caused by damage to the following: Parts of the brain that control muscle movement. Cerebellum: The cerebellum, which is located between the cerebrum and brain stem, coordinates the body’s movements.
Is dysarthria a neurological disorder?
Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor–speech system and is characterized by poor articulation of phonemes.
What medicines cause dysarthria?
Drug-induced cerebellar syndrome can be caused by a number of drugs, including phenytoin, lithium, carbamazepine, certain chemotherapeutic agents, and aminoglycoside antibiotics . In addition to loss of coordination, some patients may experience dysarthria and nystagmus.
Why do I have difficulty speaking?
Difficulty with speech can be the result of problems with the brain or nerves that control the facial muscles, larynx, and vocal cords necessary for speech . Likewise, muscular diseases and conditions that affect the jaws, teeth, and mouth can impair speech .
How do you test for dysarthria?
How is dysarthria diagnosed? MRI or CT scans of the neck and brain. Electromyography ( tests of the electrical function of the muscles and nerves) An evaluation of the patient’s ability to swallow and speak. Blood tests .
What does spastic dysarthria sound like?
The voice of the patient with spastic dysarthria is described as harsh, and many have a characteristic strained-strangled quality. An effortful grunt is often heard at the end of vocalizations. Excessively low pitch is frequently found, with pitch breaks in some cases.
What is the most common type of dysarthria?
A lesser variant of spastic dysarthria, called unilateral upper motor neuron dysarthria, is a similar speech pattern but usually less severe, associated with a unilateral upper motor neuron lesion such as in stroke. This may be the most common type of dysarthria encountered by neurologists.
What is the difference between dysarthria and aphasia?
Aphasia and dysarthria are both caused by trauma to the brain, like stroke, brain injury, or a tumor. Aphasia occurs when someone has difficulty comprehending speech, while dysarthria is characterized by difficulty controlling the muscles used for speech.
What type of stroke causes dysarthria?
Results: Dysarthria was associated with a classic lacunar stroke syndrome in 52.9% of patients.