What is directly observed therapy for treating tuberculosis?
DOT means that a trained health care worker or other designated individual (excluding a family member) provides the prescribed TB drugs and watches the patient swallow every dose.
What is directly observed therapy in Singapore?
Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) remains a pillar of the Singapore TB Elimination Programme (STEP). DOT is the best way of monitoring patients’ response and adherence to treatment for the sake of their health, and minimises the spread of TB in the community.
What are the principles of the DOTS strategy?
The five elements of DOTS Political commitment with increased and sustained financing. Case detection through quality-assured bacteriology. Standardized treatment, with supervision and patient support. An effective drug supply and management system. Monitoring and evaluation system, and impact measurement.
What does TB DOTS stand for?
Directly observed treatment, short-course ( DOTS , also known as TB – DOTS ) is the name given to the tuberculosis ( TB ) control strategy recommended by the World Health Organization. According to WHO, “The most cost-effective way to stop the spread of TB in communities with a high incidence is by curing it.
Why was directly observed therapy used?
Directly observed therapy (DOT) is used to ensure the person receives and takes all medications as prescribed and to monitor response to treatment . DOT is widely used to manage tuberculosis (TB) disease. In HIV treatment , DOT is sometimes called directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART).
What should not be eaten in TB?
What to Avoid When You Have Active Tuberculosis Skip tobacco in all forms. Don’t drink alcohol — it can add to the risk of liver damage from some of the drugs used to treat your TB . Limit coffee and other caffeinated drinks. Limit refined products, like sugar, white breads, and white rice.
Is BCG vaccine given in Singapore?
A All children in Singapore undergo BCG vaccinations as part of the National Childhood Immunisation Programme. The BCG vaccine mainly protects young children against disseminated TB (disease in multiple parts of the body) and TB meningitis (disease in the fluid around the brain).
Are Singaporeans vaccinated against TB?
The childhood immunisation programme in Singapore offers vaccination against tuberculosis ; hepatitis B; diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT); poliomyelitis; and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR). Only diphtheria and measles immunisations are compulsory by law.
Is Singapore a high risk country for TB?
Unlike other high -income countries with an intermediate tuberculosis burden in Asia, Singapore has increasing tuberculosis incidence rates. While other countries face the burden of an ageing population, Singapore faces an additional burden of an influx of migrants from high -incidence countries .
What does dots stand for?
DOTS: Stands for Directly Observed Treatment, Short -course.
What is Dotsplus?
DOTS Plus refers to a DOTS program that adds components for MDR TB diagnosis, management, and treatment. The WHO-endorsed DOTS Plus program began in 2000. At that time, the Green Light Committee (GLC) was established to promote access to high quality second line drugs for appropriate use in TB control programs.
Why was the Directly Observed Treatment Short Course DOTS developed?
The rationale for implementing the DOTS strategy in Russia is to establish cost-effective tuberculosis control by reducing unnecessary care costs due to lengthy hospitalisations, while improving cure rates and reducing the development of drug resistant TB [3, 7, 12–14].
Is banana good for TB patients?
Calorie dense foods that are nutrient rich can meet up the rising metabolic demands of the TB patient and can also prevent further weight loss. Foods like banana , cereal porridge, peanut chikki, wheat and ragi are quite beneficial for TB patients .
Can I kiss a person with TB?
Kissing , hugging, or shaking hands with a person who has TB doesn’t spread the disease. Likewise, sharing bed linens, clothes, or a toilet seat isn’t how the disease spreads either.
What is DOTS in first aid?
DOTS is an acronym used to remember what to look for when conducting a physical assessment of a casualty (ie, looking for injuries). DOTS stands for: Deformities. Open wounds. Tenderness. And yes never forget RICE RICE – Rest / Reassure, Ice / Immobilize, Compression, Elevation.