Antihypertensive therapy

Which drug is used as antihypertensive?

Pharmacological management of hypertension

Class Examples
β-Blockers Atenolol, metoprolol, propranolol
α-Blockers Doxazosin, labetalol (also a β-blocker), phentolamine, phenoxybenzamine
Calcium channel blockers
Phenylalkamines Verapamil

What is the goal of antihypertensive therapy?

The goal of antihypertensive therapy thus consists in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with arterial hypertension by a strategy focused on lowering blood pressure while minimizing the impact of other associated cardiovascular risk factors.

What is the first drug of choice for hypertension?

The strongest body of evidence indicates that for most patients with hypertension, thiazide diuretics are the best proven first-line treatment in reducing morbidity and mortality.

What are the 4 different types of antihypertensives?

There are many classes of antihypertensives, which lower blood pressure by different means. Among the most important and most widely used medications are thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and beta blockers.

What is the best antihypertensive drug?

ACE INHIBITORS AND DIURETICS . Angiotensin -converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are among the best tolerated antihypertensive drugs and have been used extensively as initial agents in the treatment of hypertension.

Which tablet is best for high blood pressure?

Which blood pressure drug is right for you?

Drug Good candidates
ACE inhibitors Benazepril ( Lotensin and generic), enalapril ( Vasotec and generic), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril, and generic), and others Especially for people with diabetes, heart failure, kidney disease, or a history of heart attack or stroke.

How do you treat hypertension?

Here’s what you can do: Eat healthy foods. Eat a heart-healthy diet. Decrease the salt in your diet. Aim to limit sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less. Maintain a healthy weight. Increase physical activity. Limit alcohol. Don’t smoke. Manage stress. Monitor your blood pressure at home.

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How many types of hypertension are there?

There are two main types of high blood pressure : primary and secondary high blood pressure . Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure . Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines.

What are the five categories of medications used to treat hypertension?

The classes of blood pressure medications include: Diuretics. Beta-blockers. ACE inhibitors. Angiotensin II receptor blockers. Calcium channel blockers. Alpha blockers. Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists. Combined alpha and beta-blockers.

What is the safest BP medicine?

These medications include the ACE inhibitors and the angiotensin II receptor blockers . Reserpine may also be harmful during pregnancy and should only be used when no other alternatives exist. Safe medications to use include methyldopa and potentially some diuretics and beta blockers , including labetalol.

Is 150 90 A good blood pressure?

The latest clinical guidelines issued by the Joint National Committee in 2014 define hypertension as blood pressure above 140/ 90 , but they call on clinicians and patients to aim for a pressure below 150 / 90 .

Is amlodipine bad for kidneys?

Amlodipine and lisinopril should not cause kidney damage and in fact are used to treat high blood pressure and slow the progression of chronic kidney disease ( CKD ).

What is normal blood pressure by age?

Normal Blood Pressure for Children
Age Systolic Diastolic
Preschooler 95–110 mm Hg 56–70 mm Hg
School-aged child 97–112 mm Hg 57–71 mm Hg
Adolescent 112–128 mm Hg 66–80 mm Hg
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What antihypertensive drug is safe for pregnancy?

Acceptable agents include methyldopa , labetalol , and nifedipine in standard doses. Atenolol use should probably be avoided in pregnancy, because it has been associated with slightly lower birth weights.

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